Description and guidelines for all the processes right from the selection of site to construction of the building, and of orientation of various rooms in directions, height of the rooms, positions of the doors etc. is found in Vastu Shastra. Actually the text that guides us to plan and construct a town, temple, residential house, cattle shed, or any other building equipped with all necessary amenities for the comfort and utility of mankind is given the name Vaastu Shastra which has been divinely described in Indian culture and scriptures.Vastu for Griha Pravesh Griha Pravesh (i.e. first entry into the newly built house) is also as important aspect of Vaastu-Shastra. After the house is complete in all respects, living in that house is started at some auspicious moment determined on astrological considerations. The first entry in the house at the auspicious moment is called Graha Pravesh ceremony. For any newly built house house warming is considered a holistic occasion. This custom is done so as to keep evil forces away from entering new home. Even after land acquisition, a prayer (puja) is performed which is called as Bhumi Poojan, and later house warming ceremony is called as Vaastu-shanti
When the house is ready to be occupied, a muhurta is selected for grihya pravesha which consists mainly of Ganesha puja (Ganapati), The mandala is drawn to invoke the gods and nine planets, which act as witnesses to the ceremony. The offerings in the form of fire (Agni) which is supposed to convey to the gods. The family carries the havan kunda into every room. The various medicinal ingredients in the smoke from the havan disinfect and purify the air within. The house is encircled with thread three times from the east, which is the most auspicious direction. Both these signify the erection of protective barriers around the house to keep away evil influences, and are done to the accompaniment of the Rakshoghna Mantra and the Pavamana Mantra.A pit dug in the southeast corner of the boundary of the house with sides of the pit fortified with cowdung paste and the pit is worshipped. A brick box containing corn, moss, and flowers is lowered into the pit, which is then filled up. Since corn symbolises fertility, this is believed to ensure prosperity Holy water sprinkled around the house is to keep away evil spirits With this, grihya pravesha is completed.
The Grihyasutras give detailed instructions about the kind of land that should be chosen for constructing a house or temple, the direction it should face and the ceremonies to be performed at each stage. The Matsya Purana elaborates which stages during construction are important, like laying the foundation, and raising the first door, and explains that grihya pravesha puja should be performed at these stages. This ceremony is still performed in the traditional manner. After Ganesha puja, the jar of water is placed on a heap of corn, the universal symbol of fertility.
1.Apoorva -First entry to live in house newly constructed on a newly selected land is called Apoorva (new) Graha Pravesh.
2.Sapoorva-Entry into an already existing house to live in it after traveling abroad or migration elsewhere, is called Sapoorva graha pravesh.
3.Dwandwah-Entry into a house to live in it after reconstruction/renovation of the house damaged by fire, flood waters, electricity, wind etc. is termed as Dwandwah (or old) Graha Pravesh.
Scriptures have described the procedures of Graha Pravesh at auspicious time (muhurat) and purity (defectless) of Panchang. For Apoorva Graha Pravesh perfect auspicious time should be adhered to and fro Graha Pravesh in a reconstructed house or after migration the purity of Panchang should be given consideration.
If the doors of a house are not fitted with shutters, or the roof is not covered, or the God, Vaastu have not been worshipped and offered sacrifices, and if the priests etc. have not been offered feast, first entry into such house (Graha Pravesh) should not be accomplished till the above things are completed, otherwise living in that house will be full of troubles and miseries. Therefore living in a house should be started only after offering sacrifices and worshipping Vaastu as per procedure given in scriptures.
Entry into a house built of grass and leaves etc. may be performed on any auspicious day. In houses built with bricks, stone, mud, cement etc. the first entry is auspicious when the sun is Uttarayan. As far as possible Graha Pravesh should be accomplished in the day only, it will be auspicious. Normally, it can be done at any auspicious moment in the day or night. Guru (Jupiter) or Shukra (Venus) being set (invisible) i.e. Tara does not matter in case of Graha Pravesh in a old renovated house.
For the ceremony of giving food to a child for the first time (Anna Prashan), wearing new clothes, daily travels, first entry into an old renovated house and entry of a bride in the house, invisibility (setting) of Jupiter (Guru) and Venus (Shukra) i.e. Tara should not be considered, only the purity and auspiciousness of the Panchang should be considered in such cases. Auspicious months for Graha Pravesh and the results of the same are as given below -
|Magh||Gain of wealth|
|Falgun||Gain of children and wealth|
|Baishakh||Growth of wealth and prosperity|
|Jeshtha||Gain of son and cattle.|
Besides these, the months of Kartik and Margshirsh give medium results. Graha Pravesh in the months of Ashadh, Shravan, Bhadrapad, Ashwin Paush is inauspicious and causes loss, troubles and pains, and fear of enemies. The tithies (dates) 4/9/14 and 30 (Amavas - no moon night) should be avoided and Graha Pravesh should not be done on Tuesdays.
Directions have very much
significance in the construction of a building. The four directions have
their own importance, where as the corners formed by the concurrence of
two direction are much more important because effects of both the
directions can be felt at the corners. The gods governing these
directions are noted below:-
Directions Name of the God Effect
East Indra Progress & growth
South-East Agni Energy, vigour, strength
South Yama Death
South-West Nairut (Demon) Purity & Cleanliness
West Varun Water
North-West Vayu Air/Winds
North Kuber Wealth&Prosperity
North-West Eeshwar Religion, Divinity
Vertically above Brahma Spiritual Knowledge
Below Anant Resources, worldly pleasures.
These gods govern the directions and control the various areas as given above. For successful implementation of any plan, the concerned god is worshipped. Room or space in a particular direction should be used for a purpose suitable to the nature of the god and the material he controls in that area. That is how to avoid defects of Vaastu. The god controlling the area in the house is worshipped and offers made to please him, requesting for his blessings and peaceful happy life.
It is advisable to acquire an additional site located towards to east or north of the existing house. Any amount of investment for acquiring a plot situated towards the northeastern part of the existing plot, is not a bad investment. The topography of the plot reflects on the life of the inhabitant. Slope towards north or east showers bountiful blessings on the inhabitant. Similarly elevation in land in the western and in southern part of the site makes the life a prosperous one. People residing in such sites do achieve greater things. It is always better to select a spacious plot so as to facilitate construction of as many floors as one can.
A plot located at the confluence of two roads leading to east and north respectively, straight without turns makes the life of the resident a pleasant one.
If the plot is situated in conformity with the compass the house constructed, thereon also would be set as per compass. However any deliberate attempt to adjust the house as per compass, leads to directional dead-lock, because it result in extension of southeast, southwest and northwest. Hence if a site does not fall in line with compass, the house can be constructed consistent with the adjoining road and the neighboring housed. That is why a site possessing a straight and parallel road according to the compass must be preferred. However, a plot lying by the side of a road leading on increasing northeast, is said to lead the density of the occupant for a brighter tomorrow. The prosperity and progress in the life of the resident of a plot is directly proportional to the elevation of the western and southern parts of his plot.
One should never select a triangular site. Just as, it is difficult to change the properties of the soil it is also difficult to change the properties of a site or a plot is directly proportional to the elevation of the western and southern part of his plot. One should never select a triangular site. Just as, it is difficult to change the properties of the soil it is also difficult to change the properties of a site or a plot as one can't change a silk into cotton or vice versa. For instance, the existence of a high hillock in north east of the location of a tank or a river in west or south cannot be rectified. Similarly, one cannot change the direction of a road, which cuts across the northeastern tip of a plot. Further the existence of a small plot in between two bigger plots, makes the inhabitant lead a suffocating life just as calf gets trampled between two fighting life just as a calf gets trampled between two fighting bulls.
Never select a site which protrudes towards northwest, southwest or southeast. If the vacant portion in a site is more towards south or west than towards north or east, it is advisable to separate the excess portion by means of a small wall or fence and construct a shed or the same may be disposed off.
If the road leading from your plot takes you towards east, north or northeast it is said to be a very auspicious one. If that road leads you towards southeast or southwest it brings misfortunes to the inhabitant.
Never think of procuring a site which slopes towards southwest. Ensure that the rain water or sewage water of neighboring plots does not flow into your site from eastern or northeastern direction. People living in such houses cannot have normal peaceful lives.
It is a well - known fact that even a single step taken in haste by the pawn will end the pay with helpless Shah and utter flap. In the same way a small error crept in the many troubles in future. So also the contraction or projection of directions, if not considered first, will end in chaos.
In chess the looser will be a single person. But in Vastu, a game of directions, if the error is not checked and rectified in the beginning itself; it will bounce troubles on the whole household. Hence one should be cautious enough in selecting the site as per Vastu to avoid future misfortune, lest he will become "Burnt Child".
Nature of the house owner changes as per the orientation of it's
entrance. It is because of the influence of the planet that rules that
direction in which the entrance faces.
If the entrance of a house faces east, its ruling planet the Sun makes the owner of the house abiding to the truth, ambitious and courageous. He would have particular liking for acrid vegetables like bitter gourd, fenugreek etc.
If the entrance is in the south-east direction, it is ruled by Shukra (Venus). Hence, the owner would have a variety of tastes and special liking for luxuries.
If the entrance faces south, it is ruled by Mangal (Mars). Accordingly, the owner would be courageous, haughty, outrageous and stubborn. He will specially relish spicy, delicious foods.
If the entrance faces south-west, it is ruled by Rahu. Nature of the owner will be according to it. He will be licentious, engaged in illegal activities, savant of cryptic scriptures and talismans etc. He will specially relish stale food.
If the entrance faces west, it is ruled by Shani (Saturn). Accordingly the owner will be serious, prudent, tolerant and responsible. He relishes food items cooked in oil and bitter and cold foods.
If the entrance faces north-west, it is ruled by Chandra (Moon). According to it, the owner is of instable mind, sentimental, fond of travelling and soft-spoken. He is also fond of eating vegetables cooked with excess of salt.
If the entrance faces north-east it is ruled by Brihaspati (Jupiter). Accordingly, the owner will be religiously inclined, altruistic, talkative and scholar of some particular subject and driven by whimsical fantasies. He is fond of sweet items as well.
If the entrance faces north, it is ruled by Buddh (Mercury). Accordingly, the owner will be intelligent, humorous, litterateur and active. He relishes everything but in moderation.
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